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Structair: a bhith

Structure: to be

A bhith

a bhith

to be

We have met to be in the past bha (was), in the present tha (is), and the future and the habitual present – bidh (will be). However, we need to know the infinitive a bhith (to be). Unlike other infinitives and verbal nouns, the following are always true: 

  • It is always lenited 
  • It is never used with bha or bidh 
  • It is always followed by a verbal noun with a’ or ag 

Cuin as toil leibh a bhith a’ còcaireachd?

When do you like to cook?

Ciamar as toil leis a bhith a’ còcaireachd?

How does he like to cook?

Carson as toil leatha a bhith a’ còcaireachd?

Why does she like to cook?

Dè as toil leat a bhith a’ còcaireachd?

What do you like to cook?

As we know càit always likes to be different. 

Càit an toil leat a bhith a’ còcaireachd?

Where do you like to cook?

Here is the structure to ask and answer these questions 

[Question] an toil [person] a bhith [verbal noun]? 

Is toil [person] a bhith [verbal noun][condition] Cha toil [person] a bhith [verbal noun] [condition]  

Is toil le Màiri a bhith a’ snàmh anns a’ mhuir

Mary likes to swim in the sea

Is toil le Calum a bhith ag ithe oir tha e èasgaidh

Malcolm likes to eat as he is lively

Is toil le Mairead a bhith a’ seinn a h-uile latha oir tha i math air

Margaret likes to sing each day as she is good at it

Is toil le Ealasaid a bhith a’ ruith gach latha gu math luath

Elizabeth likes to run everyday very quickly