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Air sgàth 's gu bheil

Because that …

The five expressions for ‘because’ below are all followed by ‘s (and). These can be linked to a dependent clause using the gun | nach form of the verb:

a chionn ‘s

because, since

a thoradh ‘s

due to

air sàillibh ‘s


air sgàth ‘s


air tàillibh ‘s


Carson as fheàrr leat an trèan(a)?

Why do you prefer the train?

A chionn ‘s gu bheil i nas cofhurtaile.

Because it’s more comfortable.

Carson as fheàrr leat an trèan(a)?

Why do you prefer the train?

Air sgàth ‘s nach bi mi a’ cadal air a’ bhus.

Because I don’t (can’t) sleep on the bus.

Carson nach do ghabh thu am bus?

Why didn’t you take the bus?

Air sàillibh ‘s nach robh airgead agam.

Because I didn’t have any money.

Oir is different because it links two independent clauses and is followed by the independent form of the verb:

Carson a b’ fheàrr leat am bus?

Why did you prefer the bus?

B’ fheàrr leam am bus oir tha e nas saoire.

I preferred the bus because it’s cheaper.

Carson a dh’fhalbh thu tràth?

Why did you leave early?

Dh’fhalbh mi tràth oir bha mi sgìth.

I left early because I was tired.

An àite sin is rachainn ann nad àite

If we are talking about travel, we will sometimes want to recommend a particular way of travel, or give someone different choices. We can do this by using the compound preposition an àite (in place of, instead of).

An àite a dhol air a’ bhus, faodaidh tu coiseachd ann.

Instead of going on the bus you can walk there.

Rachainn air an trèan(a), no an àite sin, rachainn air a’ bhus.

I would go on the train, or instead of that, I could go on the bus.