Until now we have used simple sentences with verbal nouns the –ing words, like dèanamh (doing), and tuigsinn (understanding). But if we want to say, for example, are you understanding me, we would not say a bheil thu a’ tuigsinn mi. That is an absolute no-no!
If we want to use a pronoun, that is to say mi, thu, e, i, sinn, sibh, iad as the object of a verbal noun, we use a prepositional possessive. We combine the preposition aig (at) with a possessive adjective such as mo (my). The Gaelic for ‘understanding me’, becomes ‘gam thuigsinn’, literally ‘at my understanding’.
And to say ‘I’m doing it’? Not a’ dèanamh e but ga dhèanamh!
|aig + mo =||gam at my||Yes|
|aig + do =||gad at your||Yes|
|aig + a =||ga at his||Yes|
|aig + a/a h- =||ga/ga h– (before vowels) at her||No|
|aig + ar/ar n- =||gar at our||No|
|aig + ur/ur n- =||gur/gur n- (before vowels) at your (pl)||No|
|aig + an/am =||gan/gam (before b, f, m, p) at their||No|
aig + mo
aig + do
aig + a
aig + a/a h
aig + ar/ar n
aig + ur/ur n-
aig + an/am